LESSON TWO - LAW AND GRACE
Lesson Goal: The
goal of this lesson is to understand the difference between law and grace.
Read carefully the verses given below and answer the questions on the
basis of the information from the verses.
1. Read 1 Peter 3:18--For
al-Masih died for sins once for all, the righteous for the unrighteous, to
bring you to Allah. He was put to death in the body but made alive by the
a. For whom did Prophet Isa die?
b. Was Isa therefore a sinner himself?
c. For whose sins did Isa die?
d. Why did he make such an amazing
2. Read John 1:17--
For the law was given through Musa; grace and truth came through Isa
a. Through whom was the law given?
b. Grace, however, came through whom?
c. According to your understanding, what
did Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) give - law or grace?
3. Read Romans 3:20--Therefore
no one will be declared righteous in his (Allah's) sight by observing the
law; rather, through the law we become conscious of sin.
a. Can a person ever become righteous
through the law?
b. What then is the real purpose of the
4. Read Romans 5:12-21--Therefore,
just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and
in this way death came to all men, because all sinned--for before the law
was given, sin was in the world. But sin is not taken into account when
there is no law. Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the
time of Musa, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as
did Adam, who was a pattern of the one to come. But the gift is not like
the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how
much more did Allah's grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one
man, Isa al-Masih, overflow to the many! Again, the gift of Allah is not
like the result of the one man's sin: The judgment followed one sin and
brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought
justification. For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned
through that one man, how much more will those who receive Allah's
abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life
through the one man, Isa al-Masih. Consequently, just as the result of one
trespass was condemnation for all men, so also the result of one act of
righteousness was justification that brings life for all men. For just as
through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so
also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.
The law was added so that the trespass might increase. But where sin
increased, grace increased all the more, so that, just as sin reigned in
death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal
life through Isa al-Masih our Lord.
a. Before the law's coming, what was not
taken into account?
b. What was the result of the trespass of
the one man, Adam (pbuh)?
c. Did Allah's gift that overflowed to
many come through the law or through grace?
d. Allah's grace came through whom?
5. Read Ephesians 2:8-10--For
it is by grace you have been saved, through faith--and this not from
yourselves, it is the gift of Allah--not by works, so that no one can
boast. For we are Allah's workmanship, created in al-Masih Isa to do good
works, which Allah prepared in advance for us to do.
a. We have been saved by what?
b. Can salvation ever come through our
own efforts and work? Why or why not?
c. Do you think a person who trusts in
the law for salvation can ever be sure he is saved? Why or why not?
d. Do you think a person who trusts in
Allah's grace for salvation can ever be sure he is saved? Why or why
e. Think of your own condition. Are you
sure that you are saved? Why or why not?
f. According to verse 10, why did Allah
g. What should a believer's attitude and
relationship be towards good works?
h. What do those under the law believe
comes first--salvation or good works? Explain.
i. Those under grace believe which comes
first, salvation or good works? Explain.
6. Read Romans 8:14-17--14
because those who are led by the Spirit of Allah are sons of Allah. 15 For
you did not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you
received the Spirit of sonship. And by him we cry, "Abba,
Father." 16 The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are
Allah's children. 17 Now if we are children, then we are heirs--heirs of
Allah and co-heirs with al-Masih, if indeed we share in his sufferings in
order that we may also share in his glory.
a. The person under the law experiences
what kind of relationship with Allah - one of love or of commands and
b. Does the person under the law have the
attitude of a slave or a son?
c. Those who are under the law are
described as slaves to what?
d. What do those under the law fear? (For
example, what happens if one does not say prayers properly or fast as the
e. Those who are under grace have received
the spirit of what?
f. Who has the right to stay permanently in
a rich man's home, his servant or his son?
7. Read Romans 6:1-7--What
shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By
no means! We died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don't you
know that all of us who were baptized into al-Masih Isa were baptized into
his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in
order that, just as al-Masih was raised from the dead through the glory of
the Father, we too may live a new life. If we have been united with him
like this in his death, we will certainly also be united with him in his
resurrection. For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that
the body of sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be
slaves to sin--because anyone who has died has been freed from sin.
a. Are those who are saved by grace free to sin
as they like? Why or why not? (See especially verse 2)
b. According to verses 6 & 7, we used
to be slaves to what?
c. Through our being united with 's
death and resurrection, what is our present relation to sin?
8. Write the number of the word in the
right column into the blank space of the phrase to which it corresponds in
the left column. The first has been done for you as an example. (A number
may be used more than once)
9. Study the below chart carefully and read
the verses referred to.
The main purpose of the chart is to compare a son with a slave in order to
clearly see the difference between the two. The characteristics of the
slave are given in the middle column while the son's characteristics are
given in the right column. The left column contains the different areas
For example, the first area of comparison
is the "Foundation of the Relationship." Thus, in the middle
column we see that the foundation of the slave's relationship to his
master is that of "giving of commands and carrying out of
commands." In other words, the master commands and the slave obeys.
By contrast, in the right hand column we find the son's relationship to
his father as being one founded on "Mutual Love," not commands.
The area of comparison in the second line
is the "Reason for Obedience." In column two we see that the
slave obeys out of fear - in order to avoid punishment. In column three we
see that the ideal son obeys out of love in order to please his father.
Read carefully through the other areas of comparison in lines 3-5 and then
answer the questions given below the chart.
|1. Foundation of the Relationship
of commands and carrying out of commands
|2. Reason for Obedience
|| Fear - Punished if
disobedient (Romans 8:15)
|| Love - Desire to please the father (Romans 8:16)
|3. Obedience through whose wisdom &
|| Through the slave's wisdom and strength - the master does not help
Through the father's wisdom and strength (Philippians 2:13)
|4. Type of punishment if disobedient
his harm (1 Thess. 1:8)
|| For his good (Hebrews 12:5-11)
|5. The final result or reward
|| The slave
receives payment for work done (Romans 6:23)
|| The son lives forever in
the father's home (1 Peter 1:3,4)
a. How would you describe the ideal
b. What is the slave's motive for obeying
c. What is the final reward of the slave?
d. How much similarity do you see between
the person who is living under the law and the 'slave' in the chart?
e. How much similarity do you see between
the person who is under grace and the 'son' in the chart?
10. According to your own understanding,
what is written in Islam about the law and grace?
11. What are the positive things you have
experienced in your own life as the result of being under grace and not
under the law?
TO MEMORIZE - EPHESIANS
For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith--and this not
from yourselves, it is the gift of Allah--not by works, so that no one can
boast. For we are Allah's workmanship, created in Isa to do good
works, which Allah prepared in advance for us to do.